Loaded with healthy antioxidants and fiber, corn makes a tasty addition to a backyard garden. Corn’s scientific name is Zea mays, but lovers of this starchy vegetable also refer to it as maize. This veggie comes in a host of colors including purple and black, but yellow is its most popular shade. Plant maize in late spring, around the first of May, for a delicious, late summer crop. Grow ornamental, sweet or super-sweet corn from seed kernels and enjoy one of America’s favorite food staples.
Till the soil with a rototiller or a hoe to a depth of 6 inches. Test the soil to verify that the pH level is between 6 to 6.5. Correct the soil, if necessary with powdered lime. You can find lime at most home improvement stores.
Fertilize the soil with 12-12-12 fertilizer, 3 pounds for every 100 feet of garden. Add a second layer of fertilizer later in the growing season, when plants are 12 inches tall.
Create even rows in the garden using a hoe. Space rows 30 to 36 inches apart. Pile each row into a narrow hill. Corn needs pollination to produce its vegetables, so create several rows rather than one long one. A set of short rows produces more corn than one or two rows.
Poke the top of the hill with your finger, creating a hole from 1 to 1 1/2 inches deep. Drop in one or two kernels of corn. Cover the top of the hole loosely with soil. Do not pack the soil. Move down the hill approximately 8 inches and poke another hole into the hill. Continue to add corn until all the corn is planted.
Water the corn the day after planting the seeds.
Things You Will Need
- Hoe or rototiller
- Manure spreader
- NPK fertilizer
- Seed corn
- Hoe the corn plants regularly to control weeds.
- Corn needs 1 to 1 1/2 inches of water a week. Water corn plants regularly during dry periods.